Mice and rats are normally active at night and you might not see them during the day.

A key sign you have mice is finding food, packaging or other material that has been nibbled and small droppings. You may also find nests, which look like balls of material loosely woven together.  

The most common sign of rats is droppings, along with evidence of gnawing, tracks, burrows and nests.

Health and safety risks from mice and rats:

Mice and rats can carry a wide range of diseases. These can be passed on to humans by contaminating food or surfaces with urine, droppings and hairs. Rats, in particular, can pass on Leptospirosis, a disease that can lead to Weil’s disease and can be fatal to humans.

Reduce the risk of mice and rats in your home:

Mice and rats infestations can be avoided by blocking access to your home:

•   Check air bricks are in place and intact     (don’t block them)

•   Look for access points around gas,     electricity and water pipes

•   Check that doors fit tightly

•   Fit cone guards and balloon guards to     drainpipes to stop rats climbing up – these     are available from hardware or DIY stores

•   Make sure drain covers and grilles are in     place and not damaged

Improved hygiene will discourage mice and rats by restricting their food:

•   Store food carefully so mice and rats don’t     have access

•   Sweep up spills immediately

•   Remove rubbish

•   Clean under work units and other areas     where food debris builds up

•   Keep the garden free of food debris

•   Don’t compost meat, fish, bones or bread,     as these attract vermin

•   Avoid over feeding wild birds or a build-up     of food residues

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